The apple has always been a highly symbolic fruit in history. The apple came into the world with the firstborn who, despite the divine command, ate it to gain knowledge. In Norse mythology, the apple has been the symbol of eternal youth and beauty, while in the paradise of Celtic mythology, apples were the fruits of oblivion or rebirth. For the Pythagoreans, it symbolized the secret and the key to all knowledge, good or bad.
The apple tree is one of the most widely cultivated fruit trees worldwide and is the third most commercial fruit after citrus fruits and bananas. The apple tree has been known since prehistoric times, both in wild and cultivated form and its origin is placed in the region south of the Caucasus. Nowadays, there are approximately 2,000 apple varieties worldwide. The different varieties of apples are distinguished according to the color, the ripening period, the shape, the texture and the quality of the flesh of the fruit.
The apple, in addition to being a popular fruit, is a fruit with a very high nutritional value. It is no coincidence that we say that an apple a day keeps the doctor away. It has a low-calorie content, it contains several vitamins, minerals as well as important antioxidants and is a rich source of fiber, especially if eaten raw with the skin.
Apples basically ripen from the end of summer up to the end of fall; however, consumers can find them in the market almost all year round. European apples that are produced in Greece are distinguished for their quality, taste, firmness, beautiful color and aroma.
Apples, apart from being consumed raw with the skin, which is the healthiest option, can be consumed in a great variety of ways as they may find application either in patisserie or in culinary uses.
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